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CLUVER, Philippe

Introductionis in Universam Geographiam, tam veterem quam novam

Balthasar Gruber for Gothofred Muller, Brunswick, 1641
Quarto (185 x 155 mm.), full contemporary vellum binding, yap edges, with gilt monogram ‘M D S’ to front board and gilt date ‘164Z [sic]’ to rear board, ribbed spine with manuscript title, contemporary blank endpapers. With typographic title-page containing an engraved vignette, engraved title page portrait or Philippe Cluver, one folding plate and 33 engraved folding maps, variable browning, marginal damp-staining to final index leaves, minor worming to lower margins of final 5 leaves and to rear endpapers, in very good condition.

Philipp Clüver’s famous ‘Introductionis in Universam Geographicam’ was first published in Leiden, 1624. The English mapmaker John Senex held him in the same regards as Abraham Ortelius and Gerard Mercator. Clüver (1580-1623) was born in Danzig, he was the son of the Director of the Mint. His good education was started in Danzig and after a brief spell at the Court of the King of Poland went to Leiden to study law. Losing interest in law he studied history and geography. Brief military service was followed by extensive travelling through Europe ending up in England for a number of years at Oxford.He moved back to Leiden and published the ‘Germania Antiqua in 1616, a highly acclaimed work. At his death in 1623 Clüver was working on the ‘Introductionis in Universam Geographicam which was first published posthumously in 1624. It proved extremely popular with over 30 editions being published in various languages. Several included a series of engraved maps.

This is the first edition of Clüver’s work to contain maps. It contains 33 double page engraved maps engraved by Conrad Buno, who may well be related to Johannes Buno (Bunonis), Professor of Classics at Leiden and editor of the 1661 edition of this same work. The work begins with a typographic title page followed by an attractive engraved one featuring a portrait of Clüver. It also includes an engraved plate bound before the world map not called for in ‘the Index Tabularum’. The publisher Gothofred Muller would publish a further edition in 1652 using the same series of plates. This is a rare work, particularly in such fine condition. Rare: no copies in UK libraries, 14 world-wide; a handful of copies traced in auction records, all in Germany, and several of these incomplete. Provenance: discreet twentieth century ink-stamps of Dr Ronald Ruprecht to front free endpaper, title-page verso and margin of p. 33. Alden 641/29; Bromberg (1980) ‘Philipp Cluver and the incomparable Italia Antiqua’, in The Map Collector no. 11, pp. 20-25; Phillips 4256; not in Sabin; Shirley (World) no. 356; Tooley’s Dictionary.
Stock number: 9736

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