rare maps
Clive A. Burden LTD. Rare Maps, Antique Atlases, Books and Decorative Prints
antique maps

The Mapping of North America

Mr. Philip D. Burden​
P.O. Box 863,
Chalfont St. Giles, Bucks HP6 9HD,
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel: +44 (0) 1494 76 33 13
Email: enquiries@caburden.com

Previous Page Next Page
Thomas Gardner is described as an engraver in Tooley’s ‘Dictionary of Mapmakers’ but the recent work of Worms and Baynton-Williams casts doubt on that. Indeed, this is his only known cartographic work. In the period 1718-20 there were no less than four reduced versions of John Ogilby’s landmark ‘Britannia’ first published in 1675. The attempt of Herman Moll was publicised first and although eleven plates exist, it was never completed. One of the reasons for this may well have been the impending competition of Gardner, arguably the most desirable of the published works. ‘The Pocket-Guide to the English Traveller’ is in fact the first of the versions to reach the market being advertised 30 December 1718 in the ‘Daily Courant’. The publishers were Jacob Tonson and John Watts. Tonson (1656-1736) was a well-known publisher who earlier in his career had worked with Abel Swall, the last publisher of the folio Ogilby ‘Britannia’ c.1705. Watts (c.1678-1763) was renowned for the quality of his typesetting and at one point counted amongst his compositors one Benjamin Franklin. The Preface best describes the aim of the work ‘The [‘Britannia’] … has been done with so much Care and Exactness, and esteem’d a Work so useful, that it wanted only to be reduc’d to a portable Volume, to render it of general Advantage to an English Traveller. As the original Plates are in large Sheets, the general Use of them has been hitherto lost, and the Book rather an Entertainment for a Traveller within Doors, than a Guide to him upon the Road …’ Just two days after the announcement of its publication, John Senex announced ‘An Actual Survey Of all the Principal Roads of England and Wales’. This undoubtedly hurt sales but the biggest threat was yet to arrive in the name of Emanuel Bowen’s ‘Britannia Depicta’. A battle took place in the press at this time for the new market between the published works of Gardner and Senex and the impending work of Bowen. Tonson retired about 1720 which may also explain the lack of a further edition, his business being handed to his nephew. Harley stated that Gardner had signed four plates although I couldn’t identify them, plate number 33 is signed by W. Caslon (1693-1766) who most likely engraved others. He is described as ‘A celebrated typefounder’, ‘the Elzevir of England’ (Worms & Baynton-Williams). Provenance: Clive A. Burden Ltd. November 1991; private English collection. Bennett (1996) pp. 36-7; Carroll (1996) Appendix 3; Chubb (1927) 137; ESTC T154207; Fordham (1924) p. 18; Harley (1970); Hodson (1984-97) I p. 80; Shirley (2004) T.Gard 1a; Worms & Baynton-Williams (2011).
GARDNER, Thomas

A Pocket-Guide to the English Traveller: Being a Compleat Survey and measurement of all the Principal Roads and most Considerable Cross-Roads in England and Wales in One Hundred Copper-Plates

Jacob Tonson & John Watts, London, 1719
Quarto (205 x 175 mm.), full contemporary calf, gilt panelled boards, rebacked with gilded ribbed spine, each compartment with gilt panelled central gilt floral feature, and gilt calf title label affixed, later marbled endpapers, worn. With typographic title page printed in red & black, Preface and Table, pp. (4), 8, and 100 engraved road strip plates, with generous margins, introductory text leaves on smaller paper as expected, otherwise in good condition.
Stock number: 10727
£ 2,950
Send us your name and email address.
We'll add you to our subscriber list and alert you to new catalogues and similar news