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The Mapping of North America

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GREEN, William

The Picture of England Illustrated with correct colour'd Maps of the several Counties

J. Hatchard, Bookseller to his Majesty, Piccadilly, London, 1804
Octavo (205 x 130 mm.), two volumes, contemporary half calf, marbled paper boards, rebacked with gilt title, name and volume. Volume 1 with engraved frontispiece of Britannia (lacking), engraved title page, Preface, Introduction, pp. (2), iv, 5-195, with 19 county maps; volume 2 with general map, engraved title page, pp. 248 and 21 further county maps, in total 41 maps all in early outline colour, wash to the sea on some initial coastal counties. Uncut, with light water stain upper edge, some minor tears to leaves of text not unexpected in uncut examples, p. 67 in second volume torn with some loss of text, otherwise a good example.
An EXTREMELY RARE COUNTY ATLAS. This charming atlas contains a series of maps of the English counties, many of which are orientated unusually. William Green’s ‘Picture of England’ printed in 1804, was first issued by Robert Butters as ‘An Atlas of England’ the previous year. Of that work only two known examples survive. Butters (fl. 1785-1808) was a printer in London who took over and completed the ‘Political Magazine’ series of county maps by John Lodge. In the same year it was published as ‘The Picture of England’ by John Hatchard (1769-1849), the only known example of which was broken up. Hatchard was the founder of the bookshop which still bears his name on Piccadilly, London.

This edition published the following year also by Hatchard is the first to recognise William Green (1760-1823) on the title page and alludes to him being the author. Green was born in Deansgate, Manchester, and trained as a surveyor. He produced the fine large scale map of Lancashire by William Yates in 1786. Although an ‘artist, draughtsman, surveyor, etcher and engraver’ it is not clear if he was responsible for these plates. The maps are derived from those of John Cary issued in the ‘Travellers Companion’ but are notable for their curious orientation. The general map of England and Wales usually bound at the beginning of the second volume has the south at the top. The order of the maps is largely alphabetical with the exception of Cheshire following Cumberland and Leicestershire at the end of the first volume before that of Lancashire. These have been dictated by the order of the text. Green died at Ambleside in the Lake District, his epitaph was written by William Wordsworth.

Hatchard after completing his apprenticeship to a printer and bookseller went to work for the leading bookseller Thomas Payne in 1789. Leaving his employ in 1797 he opened his first shop at 173 Piccadilly and struggled. But not without considerable industry he made it work and moved again in 1801 to 190 Piccadilly. His son joined him in 1808 and in 1823 they made their final move to 187 Piccadilly where they remain to this day. Hatchard borrowed from Payne who was the first to combine a coffee house and booksellers and offered the same convivial surroundings. Provenance: manuscript ownership inscription to first free endpapers of ‘Miss Finlayson’. Carroll (1996) 58; Chubb (1927) 318; ODNB; Worms & Baynton-Williams (2011).
Stock number: 9187

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