rare maps
Clive A. Burden LTD. Rare Maps, Antique Atlases, Books and Decorative Prints
antique maps

The Mapping of North America

Mr. Philip D. Burden‚Äč
P.O. Box 863,
Chalfont St. Giles, Bucks HP6 9HD,
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel: +44 (0) 1494 76 33 13
Email: enquiries@caburden.com

COLLINS, Captain Greenville

The Islands of, Scilly

London, 1693-[1792]
450 x 575 mm., the whole is 590 x 575 mm., horizontal fold near the bottom to facilitate binding, with accompanying text pasted below as usual, in good condition.
This chart is from ‘The first systematic survey of British coastal waters and the first marine atlas of British waters engraved and printed in London from original surveys’ (Verner). Since the late sixteenth century navigators in the waters of the British Isles had utilised the printed charts of the Dutch. During the mid-seventeenth century England fought three wars with the Dutch and her reliance on the work of the enemy was a clear source of embarrassment. The Dutch had private charts which were clearly superior to English sources.

On 23 June 1681 Charles II commissioned Captain Greenville Collins to make a survey of the coasts of Great Britain, a task undertaken between 1681 and 1688. Collins was an officer in the Royal Navy who from 1669 to 1671 had sailed with Sir John Narborough on his expedition to the Straits of Magellan and the Chilean coast. He was master of the frigate ‘Charles’ from 1676 to 1679 and served extensively in the Algerian war. He was promoted to Commander in 1679 and retained that rank until his death in 1694.

This is one of the finer engraved plates in the atlas depicting the waters of the Scilly Isles. Verner identified three states of the map but did not surprisingly pick up on another brought about by one of the worst naval disasters in British history. In 1707 Sir Cloudesly Shovell was returning with the fleet from Gibraltar. The voyage was mired by bad weather and by 22 October (old calendar, 7 November by the current Gregorian calendar) they believed they were safely in the English Channel. A combination of the storms and the inability to measure longitude correctly meant that the fleet was heading directly for the Scilly Islands. Four vessels were lost; the flagship HMS Association with Shovell aboard, HMS Eagle, HMS Romney and HMS Firebrand. Estimates of the loss of life vary from 1,400 to 2,000 men.

For the second edition of the atlas the chart was updated with a note lower left identifying ‘Sr. Clously lost’. The nearby ‘Pednanthyes’ is reengraved further east with ‘Gillston’ being added. The latter being the rock which was struck by Shovell’s flagship. A further alteration is ‘Little Nornuer’ and ‘Great Nornuer’ south west of St. Martins are renamed ‘Innesvouls’ and ‘Little Gannell’ respectively. Interestingly the plate had already been revised before being issued in the first edition of 1693 by having its latitude figures in the margins erased. This maybe reflects an awareness of how inaccurate they were being incorrect to the tune of 8.5 nautical miles. Verner goes on to state that from 1738 there should be pasted on the bottom of the map a typographical sheet entitled ‘A true Description of the Setting of the Tides … in and about the Islands of Scilly’ by Abraham Toovey as found here. The ‘Coasting Pilot’ is a remarkable surveying achievement, and a landmark in the charting of British coastal waters. This example is from the last edition in which James Davidson (d.1801) joined the firm. ‘Scarcer Maps of the Isles of Scilly’ no. 8; Sanderson (1971) 335; Shirley (2004) M.Coll 1f; Verner ‘Captain Collins’ ‘Coasting Pilot”, in ‘Map Collectors’ Circle’ no. 58 no. 12.
Stock number: 8738

SOLD

Send us your name and email address.
We'll add you to our subscriber list and alert you to new catalogues and similar news