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The Mapping of North America

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REDMAYNE, William – LENTHALL, John

Nottingham Shire

London, c.1717
95 x 55 mm., in good condition.
INCREDIBLY RARE. William Redmayne’s early playing cards published of the English counties are arguably, the rarest and most desirable of all. Redmayne (fl.1674-1719, d.1719) was a printer active between 1674 and 1719. His cards were published just three months after those of Robert Morden and advertised in the ‘Trinity Term catalogue’ as being for sale by ‘Redmayne at the Crown on Addle Hill; Henry Mortlock at the Phoenix, Robert Turner at the Star, in St. Paul’s Church-yard; H. Cox in Holborn; and B. Billingsley at the Printing Press in Cornhill’.

There are only three substantial collections of first state William Redmayne’s known to survive. First published in 1676 with just outline suitmarks, the second state, as here, was issued the following year and contained vertical bars for red suits or cross-hatching for the black suits. Only one recorded complete pack in either state survives. Each map is accompanied by surrounding descriptive text on their respective commodities and points of interest. The Club suit mark bears the roman numeration ‘II’ nearby. The maps on the Redmayne cards are smaller than those on the rival by Morden and are reminiscent of those thumb-nail maps by Matthew Simmons in 1635.

The whereabouts of the plates after this are unknown until one final similarly rare issue by John Lenthall. Hodson recorded only two examples: both in the G. L. Phillips collection at the Guildhall Library, neither complete. Here Lenthall adds his characteristic decorative border to the card. Lenthall first advertised the Redmayne cards in the ‘St. James’s Evening Post’ for 19-22 January 1716/17. Hodson deduced that the first appearance in Lenthall’s regular advertising most likely indicated its date of acquisition.

Provenance: Yasha Beresiner; private collection. Beresiner (2010) p. 18; not in Chubb; Hodson (1984) I no. 146; King (1988) no. 16; King (2003) p. 141; Mann, Sylvia and David Kingsley. (1972). ‘Playing Cards Depicting maps of the British Isles, and of English and Welsh Counties’, in The Map Collectors’ Circle, no. 87 pp. 3-4, 18-19, App. II no. 4, App. III no. 3. pl. xii (listing all the cards); refer Skelton 97.
Stock number: 9876

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