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GREENWOOD, Christopher & John

Map of the County of Devon, From an Actual Survey Made in the Years 1825 & 1826. By C. & J. Greenwood

By the Proprietors, Greenwood, Pringle & Co. Regent Street, Pall Mall, London, 2 February 1827
1920 x 1880 mm., engraved map in 9 sheets, joined as three folding sheets dissected and laid on contemporary linen, in full early wash colour, edged in red silk, one or two linen splits at folds, red endpapers. The whole folding into a large full contemporary red calf slip-case, ornate blind panelled, central gilt title, slightly worn, otherwise in good condition.
FIRST EDITION, FIRST STATE. This large scale map of Devon is by Christopher Greenwood (1786-1855) and his brother John Greenwood (1791-1867). They were both surveyors. Christopher Greenwood was from Yorkshire and settled in Wakefield by about 1815, before moving to London in 1818. His first large-scale survey was of Yorkshire published in 1817. His brother John was also a surveyor and in 1821 they joined forces. Along with the distribution capabilities of George Pringle and Son, they made an immediate impact with their series of large scale surveys of many English counties. Their surveys utilised the latest system of triangulation adopted by Colonel Mudge and his surveyors for the Ordnance Survey. Indeed they were in open competition with them. The Greenwood maps were coloured as opposed to the more functional black and white Ordnance Survey’s of the period.

This is one of three published in 1827, it is one of the largest produced due to the similar one inch to the mile scale and the size of the county. Indeed, along with that of Yorkshire it is the only one they produced in nine sheets. The map is presented in three vertical strips. The eastern sheet bears a very large view of Exeter Cathedral. The western sheet contains an inset detailing Lundy Island and also bears the Explanation lower left. The map differentiates between woods, parks and pleasure grounds, heaths and commons, different types of waterway and road. Both watermills and windmills are identified indicating their significance to the local economy. A recent feature on the landscape was railways and the Plymouth to Dartmoor Railway built in 1823 is shown. The non passenger Heytor granite railway is also shown. The early 1800s was a time of rapid change in the landscape with the burgeoning industrial revolution. Although Rodger does not record any other editions therre are three states according to Batten and Bennett. Batten and Bennett 96 st. 1; Rodger 90; Tooley ‘Large Scale’ Map Collector 30 p. 26 DE10; Tooley’s Dictionary; Worms & Baynton-Williams (2011).
Stock number: 9853

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