Clive A. Burden LTD. Rare Maps, Antique Atlases, Books and Decorative Prints

The Mapping of North America

Mr. Philip D. Burden‚Äč
P.O. Box 863,
Chalfont St. Giles, Bucks HP6 9HD,
Tel: +44 (0) 1494 76 33 13

A highly important chart depicting the FIRST RECOGNISABLE CARTOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION OF HONG KONG after the work of Alexander Dalrymple’s in 1771. We could find no record of the original Dalrymple chart having been on the market in recent memory. This therefore is the earliest obtainable printed map to depict Hong Kong. It is based upon the surveys and soundings made from the navigational surveys in 1754, 1759, and 1760 by Dalrymple (1737-1808) the highly talented Scottish hydrographer who worked for the East India Company from 1752 and became its first Hydrographer in 1779. In 1795 he was promoted to Hydrographer to the Royal Navy. Dalrymple is renowned for the work he put in to correlating old charts with new discoveries in the East.

At this point in time the only Chinese port open to European trade was Canton, the approaches to which are depicted here. The Portuguese colony of Macao, founded in 1557, is seen in the west. The nearby anchorage at ‘Typti’ was a popular waypoint for vessels. At the top of the map is the ‘Gueule du Tigre’, Boca Tigris or tiger’s mouth, the entrance to the Canton River. The now famous port and city of Hong Kong did not exist at this point not being founded until 1841. It is depicted here as ‘Fanchin Chow’ (Victoria Island) with both Stanley and D’Agular peninsulas shown in outline. Both Lantao and Lamma Islands are identified.

This chart was published by Dalrymple’s friend Jean-Baptiste D’Apres de Mannevillette in the ‘Neptune Orientale’. The material collected for it was approved by the French Compagnie des Indes. D’Apres de Mannevillette was one of the first Hydrographers of France and an accomplished navigator. Born in Le Havre to a captain in the French West India Company he made a voyage to the Caribbean in 1726. He showed an early interest in navigation and was one of the first Frenchmen to use Hadley’s quadrant and was later in life a friend of Dalrymple. Upon the atlas’ publication it was highly commended by everyone. Updated at various times after initial publication in 1745, it was expanded considerably in 1775 when this chart was introduced. Howse & Sanderson (1973) no. XLI; Sanderson (1971) 204 no. 55; Shirley (2004) M.Apr 1c.

Carte d'une partie Des Cotes De La Chine et des Isles adjacentes ...

Paris, 1775
335 x 485 mm., in fine modern wash colour, in good condition.
Stock number: 6985


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