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Clive A. Burden LTD. Rare Maps, Antique Atlases, Books and Decorative Prints
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The Mapping of North America

Mr. Philip D. Burden‚Äč
P.O. Box 863,
Chalfont St. Giles, Bucks HP6 9HD,
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel: +44 (0) 1494 76 33 13
Email: enquiries@caburden.com

The FIRST STATE of the Jan Jansson prototype map of the region which became a model for over 100 years. Many of these are referred to as being part of the Jansson-Visscher series of maps. Jansson employed ‘many different manuscript and printed sources to compile the most detailed and up to date map of the region. There is virtually no European settlement that is not recorded, and in doing so he does not show political bias as is often the case’ (Burden). It is entitled ‘BELGII NOVI’ in recognition of Belgian Protestants within the Dutch West India Company. The map is dated to 1651 based on the omission of Fort Kasimier on the Delaware River. It was built by Peter Stuyvesant in 1651 and would surely have been included.

‘The general outline of the map is derived from Peter Minuit, itself drawn from the Adriaen Block chart of 1614. This is most noticeable by the curious depiction of the shoals off Cape Cod. The map is improved in many areas but in others, particularly the St. Lawrence River and Lake Champlain, Janssonius still relies on the out-of-date map of Champlain, 1632. The region of New Amsterdam is much improved with a more recognisable form of Manhattan Island. Long Island is also more accurately portrayed as one homogeneous island. Janssonius records the ever expanding English settlements as far as Long Island, particularly the eastern portion. At its western end can be found a recognisable Breukelen, amongst others. The Hudson River is full of names, even the Maquaas Kill, or Mohawk River, the latter bearing largely Indian villages.

The Versche, or Connecticut River, is similarly extended far inland. Many of the English settlements appear here for the first time on a printed map. Mr. Pinsers marks the site of Springfield, founded by William Pynchon in 1636. Voynser, Windsor, Herfort, Hartford, and Weeters Velt, Weathersfield, all appear. For good measure the Dutch fort of Goode hoope built in 1623 is also shown. Along Long Island Sound Stamfort, Nieuhaven and Milfort are more easily recognised. Both Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket are present below a curiously named NIEUW HOLLANT. Less knowledge of the English presence in Massachusetts is seen by the noticeable lack of Boston, already the most important town of the region. The short lived Swedish presence on the Delaware River from 1638 is shown with the first illustration of the settlements, such as t’ Fort Christina and t’ Fort Elsenburgh. The Delaware River itself is curiously connected upriver with the Hudson, and the delineation of the Susquehanna is much improved’ (Burden).

The first state of the map was separately published but is known to appear in the fifth volume of Jansson’s ‘Atlas Novus’, 1657, but only in the Latin edition. Burden (1996) 305; Campbell (1965) pp. 279-84 nos. 1-3; Cumming (1980) p. 83; Fite & Freeman (1926) pp. 146-8; Koeman (1967) vol. 2 pp. 159-63 & 495 ME 166 no. 6 (incorrectly listing the map as a later state of Janssonius’ map of 1636); Stokes (1915) vol. 1 pp. 143-6, & vol. 2 pp. 118-20, pl. 39 (illustrates the Minuit map).

JANSSON, Jan

Belgii Novi Angliae Novae, et Partis Virginiae Novissima Delineatio

Amsterdam, 1651
450 x 530 mm., with early outline and wash colour, in good condition.
Stock number: 10000

SOLD

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